Regional capital: Pardubice
A region offering great natural and historical heritage, business opportunities, skilled workforce as well as a board range of cultural and sports facilities. It has fertile lowlands in the Elbe (Labe) River valley as well as high mountains (third highest in the Czech Republic), numerous rivers, ponds and forests. Notable landscape areas include the picturesque foothills of Orlicke hory (Orlice Mountains), romantic surroundings of the town of Svitavy, attractive places in the spurs of the Iron Mountains and Zdar Hills and the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands. The regional economic centre is Pardubice with a concentration of industry, commercial and public services. The industrial structure is diverse, with a dominant share of engineering, chemical, textile, clothing and leather producing industries. The agricultural sector also pays an important role; agricultural land accounts for 60 per cent, forest land for 29 per cent and water surfaces for 1 per cent of the region’s total area.A true “land of the horse”, the region has a horse population exceeding 2.000. The Pardubice Region is becoming an increasingly popular destination for foreign investors thanks to its integraion in the European motorway network (since 2006,) its waterway and air transport links and its offer of industrial zones. The region’s heritage-castles and chateaux, museums, open-air museums and other monuments – bears witness to its very long history. Its cultural legacy was formed by dozens of remarkable personalities painters, musicians, architects and inventors who were born in the region and made it their home. The region is known for its programme of sports events (ice hockey,horse racing and speedway motorcycle racing), it also has ideal conditions for many other sports including cycling, hiking, skiing and tennis. Visitors can enjoy numerous international cultural and sporting events such as the Smetana Litomysl Opera Festival, the Kocian Violing Competition, the Grand Pardubice Steeplechase and the Golden Helmet (Zlata prilba) speedway motorcycle race.
A 16th-century Renaissance chateau with more than 8,000 sgraffito decortaions on its facade. The interior included the impressive Battle Hall and Grand Dining Room, and an exceptionally well preserved late 18th century chateau theatre. The brewery on chateau grounds is the birthplace of famous composer Bedrich Smetana (1824).
Kladruby nad Labem
The National Stud at Kladruby nad Labem is the oldest of the world’s major stud farms. It is located near Prelouc in the Elbe River valley where the soil conditions are ideal for horse breeding. At present the National Stud operates two horse-breeding farms: Kladruby (white Kladruber horses) and Slatinany (black Kladruber horses.)